Thursday, May 21, 2020
I. INTRODUCTION: The United States Intelligence community draws on advanced technology and analytical techniques. An intelligence process that sets objectives, collects, analyzes, and report findings, with feedback loops integrated throughout. Explicitly, the intelligence community advantages technology and tradecraft within a proscribed process. However, estimation of threats and decision-making are outcomes of human thinking. Analysts and policymakers create mental models, or short cuts to manage complex, changing environments. In other words, to make sense of ambiguous or uncertain situations, humans form cognitive biases. Informed because of personal experience, education, and specifically applied to intelligence analysis, DavisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As such, actor Ã¢â¬ËAÃ¢â¬â¢ projects an image or cognitive bias onto actor Ã¢â¬ËBÃ¢â¬â¢ as if actor Ã¢â¬ËBÃ¢â¬â¢ would see the world, or approach a problem in the same way as actor Ã¢â¬ËAÃ¢â¬â¢ (George and Bru ce 2008, 315). III. HISTORICAL EXAMPLES OF MIRROR IMAGING: In the often-cited work, Psychology of Intelligence Analysis, Heuer provides many examples that apply cognitive psychology to explain how biases trap analystsÃ¢â¬â¢ judgments. In Chapter Six, Heuer calls upon Admiral JeremiahÃ¢â¬â¢s comments on the surprise Indian nuclear test in 1998, and quotes Admiral Jeremiah explicitly concerning mirror imaging as, Ã¢â¬Å"everybody-thinks-like-us mind-setÃ¢â¬ (Heuer 1998, Chapter Six). Particularly concerning why the Indian nuclear test was such a surprise, Heuer explains a faulty assumption held by the United States. In that, the United States economic sanctions would deter an Indian nuclear test. A more recent example of bias is toward China. Johnston recalls the 1998 Tiananmen Square massacre of Chinese studentÃ¢â¬â¢s pro-Democracy rallies. The prevailing mind-set was, according to Johnston, Ã¢â¬Å"any right minded person in China would support democracyÃ¢â¬ (Johnston 2005, 76). The prev ailing assumption was Chinese elites would negotiate with the protesters, rather than risk any unwarranted violent military action that risked international backlash. However, Johnston notes, Ã¢â¬Å"I was wrongÃ¢â¬ (Johnston 2005, 77). Johnston offers as reason, the lack of proper context of understanding Chinese culture, andShow MoreRelatedEssay on Intelligence Analysis584 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEmbassy in a foreign country and said that they know someone was going to use a plane to destroy New York in two days, could this have stopped the attack? Intelligence Analysis puts the raw sources of information together, make predictions based on the data, and finally publish the results. Stephane Lefebvre wrote that Ã¢â¬Å" intelligence analysis is the process of evaluating and transforming raw data acquired covertly into descriptions, explanations, and judgments for policy consumersÃ¢â¬ (236). TheRead MoreAnalysis of the Elements of the Intelligence Cycle Essay2246 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesMinor Assignment Ã¢â¬ ¢ Analyse the elements of the Ã¢â¬ËIntelligence CycleÃ¢â¬â¢. What are its core strengths and weaknesses? Before I begin to analyse the elements of the Intelligence Cycle, I must begin with the definition of Ã¢â¬ËIntelligenceÃ¢â¬â¢. Throughout my research, it became apparent that the acceptance for an accurate definition of Ã¢â¬ËIntelligenceÃ¢â¬â¢ is still an issue to date. One reason could be because experts tend to view Ã¢â¬ËintelligenceÃ¢â¬â¢ through their own specialty, and would be fair to say that thisRead MoreAn Analysis of Business Intelligence Systems1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThis report is an analysis of business intelligence systems currently available to our business. As an introduction, I will address in general terms why we need to purchase a business intelligence system and how it will aid our business. 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Synopsis Daniel Goleman, author of Emotional Intelligence, discusses the idea of intelligence being more than a matter of cognitive ability. In part one and two of the book, Goleman discusses how the brain processes emotions. In these chapters the author describes the cortex and the limbic system. Rationality is job of the cortex while the limbic system processes your emotions. He suggests that the emotional intelligence can be a learned skill. In the next chapter Daniel GolemanRead MoreBusiness Analysis : Business Intelligence And Analytics1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesadvantage is Business Intelligence. An organization that successfully employs business intelligence is able to collect pertinent information in a usable form in a timely fashion and have it accessible to decision maker so that the organization can more quickly adapt and implement its overall business strategy. The opportunities associated with the ability to use data and analysis in different organizations has helped genera te significant interest in Business Intelligence and analytics (BIA). Read MoreIntelligence Agency : The Intelligence Bureau ( Ib ) And The Research And Analysis Wing ( Raw )1942 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIntelligence philosophers such as Sun Tzu, Kautilya and Machiavelli have stressed on the importance of strategic intelligence for the security of a nation and the history across the world is evident with its prime examples. Such is also the case of India and in this presentation we will be examining some key historic Indian events and their impact on the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s two foremost intelligence agencies Ã¢â¬â the Intelligence Bureau (IB) and the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). Towards the end we will also
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Outline Topic: Basketball Central Idea: inform the history, rules and development of basketball Thesis Statement: The game of Basketball is very exhilarating and will keep your adrenaline plumbing. Communication and Strategic thinking is the key to teamwork. Hence you will need the help of your teammates to deliver a good pass to you to be able to score the ball into the basket. I. Introduction Ã¢â¬Å"To be successful you have to be selfish, or else you never achieve. And once you get to your highest level, then you have to be unselfish. Stay reachable. Stay in touch. Dont isolate.Ã¢â¬ ? Michael Jordan Purpose: to inform the audience about basketball such as the basketball rules and history and development of basketball.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦But, ones you hold back the ball you have only 2 choices which are passing or shooting. When you hold the ball, you cannot travel more than 2 steps, which mean 3 steps and above. Points in basketball consist of 3 types that are 3 points, 2 point and 1 point. The recommended attire when playing basketball are sport shoes, three-quarter pants and sleeveless shirt. Third main point: The International Basketball Federation FIBA or FIBA World, from its French name FÃ ©dÃ ©ration Internationale de Basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs international competition in basketball. Originally known as the FÃ ©dÃ ©ration Internationale de Basket-ball Amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the word Amateur from its official name but retained the initialism; the BA now represents the first two letters of basketball. FIBA defines the international rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones or commissions: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania. The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for mens national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketballs creator James Naismith. The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that ofShow MoreRelatedSpeech On Rising Sea Level Essay1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages 1. Why is it important to analyze your audience as you prepare your speech? Everyone has different views, religion, values, and beliefs as many will hold one more important than others and conflict with others. This leads the audience to biases in listening to the speaker therefore may not listen attentively or care about the speech. Thus as a speaker you must know your audience is as a person, their love, views, values, and beliefs to use it to entice them to listen and care. 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string(113) " message of the Brundtland Report seems to be more and more accepted by the tourism industry all over the world\." Current economic issues and theory Sustainable and Ecotourism Tourism Tourism is one of the foremost economic activities around the world. It growth has been one of the major economic and social phenomena of the twentieth century. Tourism has expanded dramatically over the last years and has become a global industry. We will write a custom essay sample on Sustainable and Ecotourism or any similar topic only for you Order Now We can define tourism as theÃ Ã¢â¬Å"movement of people, spatially and temporally, out of their own communities for leisure and business purposesÃ¢â¬ . According to theÃ World Tourism OrganisationÃ (WTO) tourist is aÃ Ã¢â¬Å"visitor staying for more than 24 hours in a country visited for business or leisure purposesÃ¢â¬ . The term tourism is an umbrella for all relationships and phenomena associated with people who are travelling, whatever the reason. It has no clear boundaries and could be viewed as an industry itself. In my work I would like to show the relationship between the tourism and environment. For the tourism service providers the most important is to grow the industry itself and attract more visitors to destinations. Their main purpose is to gain more and more profit. I think that these type of thinking can be harmful for environment. Similar essay: Role of Advertisement in Tourism Development Tourism and tourist can effect negatively the environment therefore we can talk about a form of tourism which is unsastainable. In this essay I will concern this issue too but my main topic is the sustainability. Fortunately in last years people recognised the importance of the environment and nowadays they are taking this issue seriously. The tourism has negative but also positive impact on the environment therefore we can talk about a sustainable tourism. In the following I deal with this issue more detailed and I try to find the answer how popular it is among tourists or tour operators. Unsustainable tourism As I mentioned tourism is now among the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most relevant industries generating jobs for millions of people and profit all over the world. At the same time tourism can have dire effects on the people and places it embraces. Mainly the mass toursim has negative effects. What can be the worst effects of unmanaged, unsustainable tourism? Ã¢â¬â previously undeveloped coastal villages can become sprawling, charmless towns o their seas poisoned by sewage their beaches stained with litter Ã¢â¬â historic towns and their streets choked with traffic Ã¢â¬â some of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s richest environments bruised by the tourist onslaught Ã¢â¬â distinctive wildlife driven to near-extinction Ã¢â¬â changes in the landscape coming from the construction of infrastructure, buildings and facilities Ã¢â¬â air pollution and waste Ã¢â¬â the intensive use of water and land by tourism and leisure facilities Ã¢â¬â the disturbance of fauna and local peop le (for example, by noise) We can write many pros and cons of tourism. I think the worst effect of unsustainable tourism is when only the financial profit come into the strong focus. Becuse tourism makes a few people extremely rich, while impoverishing the majority, who lose their land, their resources and their sense of self. Tourism is not just about money, it should give benefits for tourist and local communities too. The main goals of tourism should include: the satisfaction of tourists, profit for tourism industry, wealth to local people. Changes in the landscape coming from the construction of infrastructure, buildings and facilities is one of the disadvantage of sustainable tourism but this can also benefit to local communities. I think the cooperation between the tourism industry providers (relevant ministries, government, management) and local organizations and communities can mitigate the negative effects. Sustainable Tourism Definition Sustainable Tourism involves social responsibility, a strong commitment to nature and the integration of local people in any tourist operation or development. Sustainable tourism has several definitions. According to the definition of the Federation of Nature and National Parks, sustainable tourism is: Ã¢â¬Å"All forms of tourism development, management and activity that maintain the environmental, social and economic integrity and well-being of natural, built and cultural resources in perpetuity. Ã¢â¬ (FNNP, 1993) Sustainable tourism is defined by theÃ World Tourism Organisation(WTO), theÃ Tourism CouncilÃ (WTTC) and theÃ Earth CouncilÃ as: Sustainable Tourism Development meets the needs of present tourists, host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunity for the future. It is envisaged as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, biological diversity and life support systems. Sustainable tourism products are products which are operated in harmony with the local environment, community and cultures so that these become the beneficiaries not the victims of tourism development. Sum up these definitions I can say that sustainable tourism is the form of tourism that does not reduce the availability of resources and does not prevent future travelers from enjoying the same experience. Responsible Tourism, Soft Tourism, Minimum Impact Tourism and Alternative Tourism are terms with a similar meaning as Sustainable Tourism. Sustainable Tourism Development The significance and volume of tourism shows that it is not enough to develop new forms of Ã¢â¬Å"alternativeÃ¢â¬ tourism in order to minimise the negative effects and maximise the positive impacts of tourism development. The whole sector must be developed and managed in a way that it does not damage the natural and socio-cultural environment. In my point of view it can be fully executed if the government, the managers and leaders of tourism industry recognise the harmful and negative effects of tourism and they introduce more regulations related to sustainability, they motivate tour opartors to promote this type of tourism among their clients and they release more related ads and topics in media. This is the responsibility of the world-wide tourism industry. The concept of sustainable development was introduced by the World Commission on Environment and Development in the Brundtland Report in 1987, defining sustainable development as Ã¢â¬Å"development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needsÃ¢â¬ . Since its publication, the role of tourism has been analysed and the concept of sustainable tourism appeared. The main message of the Brundtland Report seems to be more and more accepted by the tourism industry all over the world. You read "Sustainable and Ecotourism" in category "Essay examples" Ecological sustainability means that tourism development does not cause irreversible changes in a given destinationÃ¢â¬â¢s ecosystem. There is an obvious need all over the world to protect natural resources from the negative impacts of tourism activities. In order to avoid or minimise unfavourable impacts, decision-makers must be aware of all the factors that play a role in the development process. Indicators of Sustainability Ã¢â¬Å"Indicators measure information with which decision-makers may reduce the chances of unknowingly taking poor decisionsÃ¢â¬ (WTO, 1996). In other words, in the measurement of the progress that an individual destination is making towards sustainable tourism development, sustainability indicators are commonly accepted as one set of useful tools. Ã¢â¬Å"Indicators are both a tool for management today and an investment in the future, since they reduce the risk of inadvertent damage to the resource base on which the [tourist] industry dependsÃ¢â¬ (WTO, 1996). There are some factors which are pushing the tourism industry towards a sustainable development approach: Ã¢â¬â Increasing regulatory measures The awareness by governments and operators that the growth of tourism can have a negative impact on the environment I think the government and the competent ministries should take the first steps. They should corporate with tourism service providers and with the management and create new regulations and laws. It is very important to take into account sustainability and preservation of nature. Ã¢â¬â Tourism professional s and operators recognise that environmental quality is essential for a competitive product Ã¢â¬â Growing wareness of cost savings from sensible resource consumption Ã¢â¬â Growing awareness of communities about their potential to influence tourism policy Similiar forms of tourism Responsible Tourism Tourism which operates in such a way as to minimize negative impacts on the environment. For example aÃ forest trip using Ã¢â¬Å"Leave No TraceÃ¢â¬ ethics would be considered responsible tourism while dune buggy tours would not. Nature-Based Tourism A term for any activity or travel experience with a focus on nature. These types of trips may or may not be environmentally sustainable or responsible. A cruise ships to view penguins in Antarctica fall into this category. I think that this type of tourism is sligthly more popular than sustainable tourism. It needs fewer responsibilty. Travels or trips in nature have always been very sought and beloved among families or other target groups. For example in my village and in the neighboring settlements exist tourist groups who regularly participate in different type of nature-based tours. They often go hiking, climbing, they participate on wine tours, visit thermal bathes or observe animals. They like nature and activities connected to nature but it is not guarantee that they conserve the nature and they improve the place they visit. Green Tourism Often used inter-changeably with eco-tourism and sustainable tourismÃ but more precisely described as Ã¢â¬Å"any activity or facility operating in an environmentally friendly fashionÃ¢â¬ . A lodge with composting toilets and solar powered lighting is probably Ã¢â¬Å"greenÃ¢â¬ . There are varying degrees of Ã¢â¬Å"greennessÃ¢â¬ ; an awareness of where resources are coming from and where wastes are going is at the heart of the idea. Ecotourism The Ecotourism Society defines it as Ã¢â¬Å"responsible travel to natural areas which conserves the environment and improves the welfare of the local peopleÃ¢â¬ . A rafting trip is ecotourism in that case when it raises awareness and help to protect the watershed. A walk in the rainforest is not ecotourism unless that particular walk somehow benefits that environment and the people who live there. Eco-tourism means when you go to aÃ trip and you will help to Ã¢â¬Å¾conserve and improveÃ¢â¬ the place you visit. In the last few years ecotourism has become a buzz word to sell a variety of products. Almost any term prefixed with Ã¢â¬ËecoÃ¢â¬â¢ will increase interest and sales. Thus, in the last few years there has been a proliferation of advertisements in the travel field with such references as ecotour, ecotravel, eco-vacation, eco (ad) ventures, eco-cruises, eco-safaris and of course, eco-tourism (Wight, 1994). In my opinion some companies use the word Ã¢â¬â¢ecoÃ¢â¬â¢ because of particular ineterest or benefit. Maybe that Ã¢â¬â¢eco-productsÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬â¢eco-servicesÃ¢â¬â¢ make them better reputation or greater madia interest. Therefore I think there are some companies which are not totally aware of the meaning Ã¢â¬â¢ecoÃ¢â¬â¢ and they use it for their advantage. Marta HoneyÃ¢â¬â¢s book Ã¢â¬Å"Ecotourism and Sustainable DevelopmentÃ¢â¬ Ã determine 7 defining points of ecotourism: Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 1) Involves travel to natural destinations Ã¢â¬â remote areas, enviromental protection. In my point of view it can be dangerous because in remote areas there are living just small group of people who can form a quite closed community. For them it can be strange to accept and receive tourist, especially huge number of tourist. In other hand, growing tourism have other consequences Ã¢â¬â to build the necessary infrastructure which could change the local Ã¢â¬â¢untouchedÃ¢â¬â¢ environment. In that case I think the tour operators and organizers should keep the tourism under control, regulate the number of tourists, involve local people to the whole process. For example using private accomodation instead of big hotels can be a good idea or small restaurants which offer local foods can be attractive for tourist and prifitable for local people. 2) Minimizes impact Ã¢â¬â ecotourism Ã¢â¬â use recycled materials, plentyfully available local building materials, renewable sources of energy, recycling and safe disposal of waste and garbage, environmentally and culturally sensitive architectural design. In my opinion it is relevant to draw peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s attention to these methods or they should be regulated in order to ensure limited damage to the ecosystem. ) Builds environmental awarenessÃ Ã¢â¬â Ã education for both tourists and residents; free educational trips, reading materials Ã¢â¬â The Ecotourism Societies guidelines; well-trained, multilingual naturalist guides with skills in natural and cultural history, environmental interpretation, ethical principles and effective communication. I think it is important for tourist to gain some knowledge about the host country. Every nation has other regulations, habbits, values and culture. Environmental regulations and attitude to sustainability differ from country to country and therefore it is recommended to be informed of certain things. ) Provides direct financial benefits for conservation Ã¢â¬â park entrance fees, tour company, hotel, airline and airport taxes and voluntary contributions. 5) Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people Ã¢â¬â local community must be involved with and receive income and other tangible benefits (potable water, roads, health clinics, etc. ) from the conservation area and itÃ¢â¬â¢s tourist facilities. I think the popular destination, for example National Parks and other conservation areas will only survive if there are Ã¢â¬Å"happy peopleÃ¢â¬ around their perimeters. ) Respects local culture Ã¢â¬â learning beforehand about the local customs, respecting dress codes and other social norms. As I earli er mentioned gain some knowledge about the host country will benefit us. 7) Supports human rights and democratic movements Ã¢â¬â Ecotourist need to be sensitive to the host countryÃ¢â¬â¢s political environment and social climate and need to consider the merits of international boycotts called for by those supporting democratic reforms, majority rule, and human rights. Marketing for sustainable tourism According to my view an intensive marketing activity can greatly influence the success of a given topic. For instance if the marketers release lot of articles and ads about the sustainability and the importance of it as aÃ result more and more people are going to deal with the topic. If the marketers raise the public attention than they can make the next step more easily. Implementation of the marketing concept in tourism can be achieved through the use of a variety of marketing tools and techniques (Popadopolous, 1989; Calantone and Mazanec, 1991). Segmentation Successful market segmentation and targeting involve the appropriate matching of tourist needs with the experience being offered, and, in the case of sustainable tourism, the need for this match is particularly important (Tregear et al. , 1997). Tourism organizations need to give greater consideration to segmenting their market with a view to concentrating on those categories of visitor that are not only economically attractive, but are also likely to be susceptible to messages aimed at encouraging them to adopt sustainable behaviors (Dinan, 2000). I think that during the segmentation process the tourism organizations can choose the right target group who will address later with intensive markerting campaign. On the other hand it is also important to deal with people who are not yet the ecaxt target audience. There are key members, for example the tour oparators or travel agents who can influnce the tourists and encourage them to pay greater attention to sustainable tours. Marketing mix All elements of the marketing mix need to be in harmony in order to increase the success Product If we would like to achieve more sustainable tourism we should developing products which are more sustainable in nature- conservation holidays, vacation packages using public transport rather than private cars, small-scale rural community-based tourism initiatives- and moving away from offering products which are intrinsically not sustainable- hunting trips, destinations with poor environmental standards. Intermediaries between tourists and tourism service providers are tour operators who create complete holiday packages and bring together a variety of services. These packages are marketed to customers either directly or through travel agents. Each package generally consists of accommodation (often with food service), transport both to and from the destination, ground transport within the destination and events or activities. Today, many consumers expect from the tour operators to supply them products which provide not just quality and value-for-money, but also safeguard environmental and social sustainability. Example The Green Travel Market is a global facility to integrate sustainable products into the packages of European and Northern American tour operators. Green Travel Market gives up-to-date and reliable information on existing sustainable tourism products: destinations, protected areas, accommodation networks, individual accommodation, visitor attractions and activities, excursions or tours, incoming tour operators and transport services. Green Travel Marker is in contact with more than 1. 500 touroperators and with its wide range of services help to local products and services to reach European and US tour operators and media. Price The price paid by the tourist should cover the full cost of their holiday. The cost must also be high enough to: Ã¢â¬â Ensure a satisfactory experience for the tourist I think satisfactory experience means quality and value for the money paid by the tourist. In the case of sustainabilty there are added other values, for example connection to nature, preservation of the origin environment, improve the visited area or just raise awareness. I have heard several times that the tourists were not totally satisfied with their holiday. Maybe the accomodation had not that quality what the travel agency promised or tourists did not receive a service or the visited place were not an ecotourist destination however they paid for it. I guess in these cases the travel agencies are quilty or faulty because they always have to be aware of the services they offer. They always should have up-to-date information and organise trips for the agents in order to get familiar with the offered destination. Ã¢â¬â Provide a satisfactory level of profit for the tourism industry Ã¢â¬â Generate an appropriate level of benefits for the host community Ã¢â¬â Cover costs involved in putting right any damage caused by the tourist to the environment Ã¢â¬â Pay for the resources consumed by the tourist Place Place refers to the location at which any service component the subject of the marketing campaign will be delivered. Place also refer to the channels of information that are used to spread the message. Promotion I think promotion has the most important role of all elements of marketing mix. By using promotional techniques we can create more sustainable forms of tourism. We can reach large number of people by suing promotional methods. Sustainable promotion should focus on promoting and advertising a tourist site, highlighting the unique characteristics of the area in order not to cause disappointment and frustration among tourists. It is important to promote brochures and advertisements which reflect reality. In my opinion it is necessary to show pictures of a given destination in order to get more realistic picture. An other good idea can be to create a blog where tourists can share their experineces and give some advice for future travelers. Tourism organizations and destinations can also use literature and advertisements to raise tourist awareness relating to sustainability. They can undertake Ã¢â¬Ëgreen marketingÃ¢â¬â¢ or promote soft tourism and infomr tourists of the impacts of their presence. Tools Communicating sustainability It is essential to inform tourists in a positive way about sustainability efforts and draw attention that environmental quality means quality tourism experience. If we talk about environmental quality we can mention the following: small-scale, quality service, personal relations, traditions, intact and protected nature, rest, modern lifestyle and healthy and local food. Eco-labelled products provide good quality service and quality products should respect the environment. Example Communication efforts of VISIT The European VISIT initiative developed its own communication strategy for environmental quality in tourism. In 2002, the VISIT image campaign was launched under the motto: Ã¢â¬Å"Caring for the Environment Ã¢â¬ ¦ is caring for the VisitorÃ¢â¬ . This slogan connects environmental quality with the quality of the product and experiences in addition it raises the overall awereness about this topic. They used print and online media (brochures, catalogues, website, publications) in order to spread the message. The VISIT Holiday Guide was launched in 2003 under the motto Ã¢â¬Å"Your visit makes the differenceÃ¢â¬ . It provides detailed and structured description of more than 1,000 hotels, bed breakfasts, holiday houses, youth hostels, camping sites and restaurants. Education and awareness programmes Environmental educationÃ is a learning process that increases peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge and awareness about the environment and associated challenges, develops the necessary skills and expertise to address the challenges, fosters attitudes, motivations and commitments to make informed decisions and take responsible action (UNESCO, Tbilisi Declaration, 1978). Education and awareness programm should address to both the professional sector and the general public. These programms should contain information about the direct and indirect impacts of tourism, the causes with his effects, the global and local issues, the immediate and long-term issues and good practices in the area. Key members of spreading information are tour operators. They can provide variety of information about sustainable tourism issues, encourage their clients to conserve, avoid negative impacts on environment and cultural heritage, to respect national egislation of the visited area as well as traditions of local communities. Education and awareness-raising is also required at all levels of government. The relevant ministries have to deal with tourism and enviromental issues. It is quite important to raise awareness within the academic sector responsible for training and research on issues regarding sustainable tourism. In my opinion the education and awareness programs m eans the most important tools of promotion and form the basis of the sustainable marketing. It is essential to start raise awareness in the kindergarten or in elementary school. If we show good example for children and we emphasize the importance of sustainability and preservation they will take this issue seriously form they childhood. I think that is the problem in many countries because people often feel that enviromental problems are just magnified and we have other problems in society or in our life which are more important or urgent. But it is not true because if we donÃ¢â¬â¢t take seriously these problems and donÃ¢â¬â¢t deal with that issue now maybe that we can do nothing in the future. It is the responsibilty of all people to conserve the environonment and draw other people attention to the importance of the issue. Ecotourism in Hungary In the last few years Hungary has taken a really proactive approach to ecotourism. The country has more than 300 nationally protected areas and over 1 000 locally protected sites. HungaryÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards conservation and preservation is one that facilitates ecotourism efforts by local businesses and ecotourism demand from tourists. Hungary is a great place where tourists and local people can find number of way to relax and have fun. In the following IÃ will show some good opportunity for ecotourism in Hungary. Budapest Budapest is the HungaryÃ¢â¬â¢s capital and an increasingly popular spot for tourists. With its rich and complex history, stunning architecture, lovely people, and fantastic culture, Budapest is one of the great cities of Eastern Europe. BudapestÃ¢â¬â¢s Urban Adventures offer some great, locally-run day tours with a touch of ecotourism for everyone. Their specially designed Budapest tours allow visitors to discover the city in aÃ personal and unique way. UniqueÃ local experiencesÃ are integral to responsible travel, and one of the classic local experiences in Budapest is to visit cities thermal baths. Visitors can learn about the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s spa traditions and explore some of the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s best landmarks on this adventure. These thermal baths areÃ icons of Budapest, and are frequented by both locals and tourists who are looking to soak away their problems and pains. Budapest Urban AdventuresÃ¢â¬â¢Ã Sights Spas tourÃ puts a unique spin on the thermal bath experience by providing visitors with an insight into spa traditions and histories, as well as other traditional and architectural elements of the city. Sights and Spa tour Ã¢â¬â Highlights: Ride the continentÃ¢â¬â¢s oldest subway Learn about Hungarian spa traditions Visit a church carved into a hill Discover BudapestÃ¢â¬â¢s Jewish quarter See EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s largest synagogue Admire the buildings from a city tram Walk through City Park Experience the cosmopolitan vibe of Budapest An other interesting offer of this company is the Ã¢â¬Å¡Budapest Explorer tourÃ¢â¬Ë by which visitors can explore the capital by tram, foot and metro. Budapest Explorer tour Ã¢â¬â Highlights: Explore the iconic city landmarks on this Budapest tour Ride the continentÃ¢â¬â¢s oldest subway Admire the waterfront from a city tram Walk through City Park Experience the atmosphere of a Budapest market Stroll along Andrassy Avenue Explore Franz LisztÃ¢â¬â¢s old neighbourhood Discover local Budapest travel highlights and World Heritage sites Farm-House Hostel Many tourists come to Hungary and stay only in Budapest but it is worthwhile getting out of the city andÃ visiting other part of this wonderful country. In the south part of Hungary there is a tiny village Kiskassa where visitors find the extremely hospitable and totally endearingÃ Ecohun Hostel. Ecohun is aÃ traditional Hungarian farm-houseÃ that isÃ locally owned and operated. The hostel has the same facilities as a typical hostel, in addition it offers guests a unique insight into the local agriculture industry and traditions. The hostel typically caters to short-term accommodation but for those who are seriously interested in sustainable agriculture and alternative technologies, longer-term accommodation is available. IÃ think this form of ecotourism is aÃ very interesting one beacause nowadays lots of people would like to escape from busy cities, hide in aÃ calm environment and enjoy the opportunities of the nature. IÃ have some experiences in that area. IÃ have worked for three summers in aÃ small hotel in Slovakia. This hotel accomodates tourists who came to the city because of the thermal bath. The hotel has the ideal potentials for ecotourism beacuse it has aÃ big garden and almost every food ingredients, vegetables and fruits come from that garden, there are lot of animals which are very popular among the hosts, they can stroke and feet them and the hotel is sorrounded by aÃ large yard with beautiful flowers and trees. They regularly organise traditional programs, for example riding days, arts and crafts camps or public picksticking. IÃ really enjoyed working here. One thing which IÃ can suggest to this hotel Ã¢â¬â to promote themselves more in ecotourism way beacuse they emphasized mainly the accomodation and the related services and such values as nature, original agricultural traditions, calm atmosphere were less highlighted. Local Birdwatching Tours Hungary is home to an exceptionally diverse cascade of birds, making it anÃ attractive ecotourism destinationÃ for birding. The spring and summer onths are the best period for this type ofÃ ecotourism in Hungary, because most of birds are present. EcotoursÃ describe themselves as theÃ natural leadersÃ in Eastern Europe. Ecotours offer a variety of tours to ecotourism destinations around the world, but the majority of their tours are in Hungary. Their tours are typically very specialised. They provide profesionally guided birding t rips, birdwatching, butterfly, wildlife, nature and culture tours. Taking a tour with Ecotours is a sure way to experience local fauna from one of the leaders inÃ ecotourism in Hungary. According to my opinion the countyÃ¢â¬â¢s potentials are good but maybe not well-exploited. People are not well informed about ecotours and ecotravels. In many cases those people are attending on these kind of tours who have similiar hobbies. For example people who like birds and animals they are mostly participating on professionally guided bird watching tours or on wildlife tours or people who love sports are attending on cycling or hiking tours. This is not problem because they can enjoy their hobbies. On other hand IÃ think these programs can be promoted among people who are looking for aÃ relaxing weekend. Not just an expensive wellness hotel can provide carefree relaxation but aÃ trip in the nature can be memorable and restful. Hungary should more effectively and intesively advertise or promote its potentials. For example when IÃ was working in aÃ travel agency in Gyor during my internship IÃ did not meet with a brochure or catalogue which was focused on ecotourism. Our agency did not offer any type of program related to ecotourism. IÃ know just some organised cycling tours in Gyor which can be mentioned as ecotourism. Sum up IÃ think ecotourism must be developed and promoted in the following years beacuse despite of the favorable potentials, ecotourism is not quite popular in Hungary. As IÃ mentioned good marketing and communication tools can greatly help. Conclusion It is obvious that the tourism is the fastest and largest growing industry in the world beacuse millions of people are travelling every year. Travel and tourism is an important part of the world economy. Fortunately people realized the importance of the environment therefore sustainable and ecotourism started to develope rapidly. Eco travel or travel for the purpose of experiencing wildlife, natural attractions and indigenous cultures has become the fastest growing segment of global tourism. Ecotoursim in HungaryÃ is still growing and will likely continue to experience an increase in ecotourism operators as well as ecotourists. The country has a lot of potential and the right attitude therefore Hungary can become an attractive ecotourism destination in the near future. In my opinion building enviromental awereness is the most important part in the marketing process of sustainable tourism. It is very importatant to start education and awereness programs in elementary schools or kindergartens, organize free educational trips, supply reading materials about this issue. Education and awereness programs should address tourists, general public and government too. It is essential to draw attention to the importance of this topic because we have to care about the future generation. Resources ttp://www. guardian. co. uk/travel/2002/jul/07/travelnews. observerescapesection1 http://www. globalbasecamps. com/sustainable-tourism-ecotourism http://www. mynatour. org/destination/ecotourism-hungary-local-experiences http://www. untamedpath. com/Ecotourism/what_is_ecotourism. html http://www. untamedpath. com/Ecotourism/defining. html http://www. linkbc. ca/torc/downs1/vol26no1_article06. pdf http://www. biodiversity. ru/coastlearn/tourism-eng/tools_si. html http:/ /www. englisharticles. info/2010/06/19/unsustainable-tourism/ How to cite Sustainable and Ecotourism, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Rainbow Writing Lesson Plan for Kindergarten Kindergartners have a lot of new skills to learn and practice.Ã¢â¬â¹Ã¢â¬â¹Ã Writing the alphabet and spelling words are two of the top tasks that require creativity and repetition in order for students to master. Thats where Rainbow Writing comes in. Its a fun, easy, and low-prep activity that can be done in class or assigned as homework. Heres how it works as well as how it can help your emergent writers. How Rainbow Writing Works First, you need to choose about 10-15 high-frequency sight words that are already familiar to your students.Next, make a handout on simple handwriting paper. Write each of your chosen words on the paper, one word per line. Write the letters as neatly and large as possible. Make copies of this handout.Alternatively, for older students who can already write and copy words: Write the list on your whiteboard and have the students write the words down (one per line) onto handwriting paper.To complete the Rainbow Words assignment, each student needs a piece of writing paper and 3-5 crayons (each of a different color). The student then writes over the original word in each of the crayon colors. Its similar to tracing but adds a colorful visual twist.For assessment, look for your students to mimic the original neat handwriting as closely as possible. Variations of Rainbow Writing There are a few variations of this activity. The one listed above is the most basic variation that is great for introducing words. A second variation (once students get used to tracing over a word with crayons), is for students to take a die and roll it to see how many colors they need to trace over the listed word. For example, if a child was to roll a five on the die, that would mean that they would have to choose five different colors to write over each word listed on their paper (ex. the word is and the child could use a blue, red, yellow, orange, and purple crayon to trace over the word). Another variation of the Rainbow Writing activity is for a student to choose three color crayons and write next to the listed word three times with three different colored crayons (there is no tracing in this method). This is a little bit more complex and is usually for students who have experience writing or are in an older grade. How Can it Help Emergent Writers? Rainbow Writing helps emergent writers because they are continually forming letters over and over again. Not only does it help them learn how to write but it also helps them learn how to spell the word correctly. If you have any students who are visual-spatial, kinesthetic or tactile learners then this activity is perfect for them.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Should countries drill for oil in protected areas to reduce gas prices There is a great debate going on all around the world today about whether or not countries should drill for oil in protected areas in order to reduce the price of gas. While the debate gets very heated, the reality is that there should be no debate at all. Protected areas are protected for a reason and no oil drilling should be allowed in those areas under any circumstances. The Meaning and Purpose of Protected Areas Protected wildlife or natural areas have been designated all around the world to preserve the natural eco-system of the world and to prevent human expansion that could destroy the ecology of the planet. Many of these natural areas were carefully selected, as well, based on the specific flora and fauna that inhabit them. The Redwood National and State Forest in the state of California in the United States, for example, was protected as of 1968 when the park was formed. This is the last vestige of the amazing old-growth redwood tree and is protected to prevent those trees from being wiped off of the face of the earth. Pollution and Disruption Similar areas around the world are designed to protect endangered animal and plant species and to provide everyday people with a learning opportunity when they go to visit. If oil drilling is allowed in any of these protected areas, the entire purpose of the designation as a protected area will be lost. Oil drilling means clearing entire areas of the natural wildlife. It means more human and vehicle traffic. And it means a great deal of noise. All of this could cause animals to become disoriented and flee, putting the eco-system out of balance and causing irreparable damage. Expansive Ecological Impact The other issue with oil drilling is that it is not isolated to the locations of the oil drills and rigs. The oil must be transported from the region. This is often accomplished either by trucking it out or by building an oil pipeline. Trucking it out means building wide roads through the protected areas and lands. This, again, will cause damage to the ecosystem and lead to the deaths of many old-growth trees, plants, and animals. The trucks themselves produce a great deal of noise and air pollution as well which will, again, cause serious damage to the delicate natural balance of the region. Water Contamination Drilling for oil also comes with a great deal of inherent risk to the area in which the drilling is taking place. Water contamination by way of the pollutants and by-products of oil drilling is practically a given any time oil is drilled in a region. While a companyÃ mayÃ make efforts to contain the waste water created through running oil drilling machinery and processing crude oil, this does not prevent that water from soaking into the soil and getting into ground water supplies. There is also no guarantee that companies will even try to prevent that wastewater from contaminating nearby lakes, rivers, and streams, making them unsuitable for drinking or sustaining fish and other life. Oil Spill Risks And, of course, there is the risk that the oil drilling and transportation process through protected areas will cause oil spills in the region. In fact, the reality of the drilling process is that oil spills are basically inevitable. Experts estimate that around 70 oil spills occur every day in the United States alone. While these spills are usually small and can be contained, they still have an impact. Big spills too are inevitable and do happen more frequently than most people know. Large spills can wipe out the wildlife and eco-system for miles upon miles and can take years or centuries to recover from. Even then, much of the wildlife that once inhabited the area has been destroyed and cannot come back, especially if the species is endangered or can only inhabit that region. With all of these factors in mind, it is easy to see why there should be no drilling for oil in protected areas to reduce gas prices. There are alternative options to increased oil drilling and the destruction of protected natural areas including finding and developing alternative and renewable energy sources. Under no circumstances should countries be allowed to drill for oil in any protected area.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
ICT system and blending learning strategies - Essay Example The reason for the school of thought is because the student will have more engagement with the teacher.The other model suggests minimal contact with the teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s involvement in the actual learning process. Blended education can be used to enhance the learning capabilities of children in a number of ways. The primary scope of the system focuses on the nature of the communication channels provided to support the children in their earlier years. The method relies on a face-to-face that is provided to the students in the learning environment with an unlimited scope for technology-facilitated communication (Bonk et al., 2012). In the recent times, ICT has proven to be a powerful learning channel in the academic institutions by providing several online learning platforms that are tailor-made to the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ needs. E-learning can be linked to the learning model, and in the scope of the document, has a vast impact on the early school years of the learners. By combining traditional methods with current technological advancements especially in the ICT sector, there has been the evolution of both synchronous and asynchronous learning tools that provide modern training and learning progra ms with very powerful methods. The simultaneous training process via the internet is useful to learners in the early years because it provides exposure to the limited learning experiences that will help guide the student to their career path (Luwangula, 2013). The system provides a strong learning platform for e-learning and online applications in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s learning and higher education as well. Blended learning provides the learners with a greater time flexibility, convenience, and freedom by the party engaging in the online class activities at home (Tucker, 2012). For children, this will provide an opportunity to develop cognitive abilities by making independent learning choices based on their preferences.